What are Terpenes and Flavonoids?

Sunday, September 27, 2020 • 2 minute read

Whilst you may be familiar with cannabinoids, they are not the only chemicals found in the cannabis plant.

Let us introduce the unsung heroes of the cannabis plant! Terpenes and Flavonoids.

Terpenes

Terpenes are chemicals found everywhere in nature! They are the chemicals that give oranges their unique citrus smell and give lavender their relaxing aroma. Terpenes give the cannabis plant their familiar smell and are believed to be an essential building block of complex plant molecules produced for adaptive purposes, such as to repel predators and lure pollinators.

There are many factors that play a role in a plant’s development of terpenes, including climate, age, weather, soil type, and even the time of the day.

Terpenes, like cannabinoids, have been shown to act on the CB1 receptors, and are believed to amplify cannabinoid’s effects, including towards the creation of the entourage effect. 1 2

Flavonoids

Flavonoids are group of natural substances, found in fruits, vegetables, grains, flowers, tea, and even wine. Their main function is to provide colour pigmentation, as well as protect plants from UV rays, pests and diseases.

Flavonoids are believed to have many health benefits, with anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-carcinogenic properties 3

There are a group of flavonoids only found in the cannabis plant called cannaflavins. Preliminary laboratory experiments have indicated that Cannaflavins A and B may have anti-inflammatory properties. 4

Just like terpenes, it is believed that flavonoids play a role in the entourage effect5