What are Terpenes and Flavonoids?
Sunday, September 27, 2020 • 2 minute read
Whilst you may be familiar with cannabinoids, they are not the only chemicals found in the cannabis plant.
Terpenes are chemicals found everywhere in nature! They are the chemicals that give oranges their unique citrus smell and give lavender their relaxing aroma. Terpenes give the cannabis plant their familiar smell and are believed to be an essential building block of complex plant molecules produced for adaptive purposes, such as to repel predators and lure pollinators.
There are many factors that play a role in a plant’s development of terpenes, including climate, age, weather, soil type, and even the time of the day.
Flavonoids are group of natural substances, found in fruits, vegetables, grains, flowers, tea, and even wine. Their main function is to provide colour pigmentation, as well as protect plants from UV rays, pests and diseases.
There are a group of flavonoids only found in the cannabis plant called cannaflavins. Preliminary laboratory experiments have indicated that Cannaflavins A and B may have anti-inflammatory properties. 4